Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) Diagnostics and Therapy in Phoenix, AZ
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a blood circulation condition where blood vessels outside of the heart and brain narrow, block, or spasm. PVD commonly occurs in veins or arteries, and often causes fatigue, cramping, and pain the lower parts of the body, particularly the legs. PVD can also have detrimental effects to the arteries and vessels that supply blood to you kidneys, arms, stomach, and intestines. Since many people experiencing symptoms of PVD assume they are out of shape or generally fatigued, PVD regularly goes undiagnosed and untreated. This can lead to much more serious conditions, including stroke. At Arizona Vein & Laser Institute, we provide advanced diagnostics and therapy for patients with PVD. To learn more, and to schedule an appointment, contact our office today!
PVD: Causes and Symptoms
PVD is characterized by narrowing blood cells and decreased blood flow. There are two types of PVD, functional PVD and organic PVD. Functional PVD occurs when the natural widening and narrowing mechanisms in the blood vessels exaggerate to an unhealthy level. Though with functional PVD there is no physical damage to blood vessels’ structure, the condition can increase an individual’s risk for stroke. Functional PVD is typically caused by emotional stress, cold temperatures, drug abuse, and routine operation of vibrating machinery.
Organic PVD occurs to due to a physical change in the structure of the blood vessels. Arteriosclerosis, a condition caused by plaque buildup in the blood vessels, is an example of Organic PVD. Organic PVD is most commonly caused by smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, injury, and infection. One of the most common types of PVD, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), develops only in the arteries. The terms PVD and PAD are often used interchangeably. Symptoms of both functional and organic PVD include cramping, numbness, and pain — particularly in the legs and lower extremities.
Diagnosis and Therapy for PVD at Arizona Vein & Laser Institute
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms or believe that you may be suffering from PVD, it is important to visit a medical professional as soon as possible. At Arizona Vein & Laser Institute, we offer advanced vein screenings and cutting-edge diagnostic techniques and therapeutic procedures designed to identify and treat PVD at any stage. Our vascular specialists can also diagnose PAD using ankle test to determine whether a patient has normal blood flow. For other blockages, angiography and ultrasound testing can be used, as well as CT scanning for patients with a stent or pacemaker. To learn more and to schedule an appointment, contact our office today!